How to Lighten Skin Discolorations
Skin discolorations come with many names: e.g. freckles, age spots, melasma, and PIH. These are all classified as hyperpigmentation, defined as skin darkening caused by abundance of melanin.
If the excess melanin is in the deeper dermal layer, like dermal melasma, the discoloration can be most difficult to treat. Topical remedy won’t work. Fractional lasers will not help either. The practical remedy is just a cosmetic cover up. The good news is that positive results have been achieved with multi-session Nd:Yag laser treatment.
Freckles are usually hereditary, with melanocytes producing more than the normal melanin pigments. The more you are exposed to the sun, the darker the freckles get. Daily sun protection is a must!
Age spots are small brown patches of the skin, the cumulative effect of unprotected sun exposure since birth. The number of pigment producing melanocytes is increased, leading to dark brown spots. Once age spots are formed, they remain pretty stable in their color even if you get more sun exposure.
|Exfoliate and lighten skin discolorations |
with DERMAX Retinol C serum
Treatment options for epidermal discolorations are:
- Topical treatments with sunscreens and lightening creams & lotions
- Peels, combined with topical treatments
- Dermal roller
- Fractional lasers and Nd:Yag laser
Save on unnecessary expense by consulting first with your dermatologist. They are trained to diagnose if you have dermal or epidermal type of pigmentation. They will then prescribe the best treatment option for your specific skin condition.
This column was published in the Manila Bulletin Lifestyle Section on August 5, 2014 . The author is the CEO of SkinStation. He
received the 2011 Outstanding Chemist Award from Professional
Regulation Commission (PRC) for his achievements in the field of
cosmetic chemistry. Skin Smart aims to clarify facts and myths on skin
care. Send your questions and comments to firstname.lastname@example.org.